## help needed in airfoil prep

Discuss acquisition, use, and manipulation of airfoil data.

Moderator: Bonnie.Jonkman

Ghayoor.Hassan
Posts: 5
Joined: Mon Apr 16, 2018 11:22 am
Organization: National University of Science and Technology
Location: Pakistan

### help needed in airfoil prep

I am first time using airfoil prep and i need to generate dat file to be later used in harp_opt for tidal turbine design. In the "3DStall" worksheetu, what values do we add for RPM i mean average rpm that we will have for our turbine ? Additionally what should i write in " chord" ? Should i put the upper bound chord value in this as we do in harp_opt ? Moreover what is r/R and how should we find this and same goes for Min alpha , max alpha and alpha end value how should we find this for part airfoil
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3d stall screenshot
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Jason.Jonkman
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Joined: Thu Nov 03, 2005 4:38 pm
Location: Boulder, CO
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### Re: help needed in airfoil prep

Dear Ghayoor,

Normally we'd use the same rotational augmentation correction for all rotational speeds, so, I would normally set the rotor RPM in AirfoilPrep to the rated speed, but you could also look at the sensitivity to speed. The rotational augmentation (3DStall) model applies to a specific airfoil and station, so, the local chord and local nondimensional radial position (r/R) should be used. Min alpha and max alpha should be set such that the CL slope is well calculated (it is best to use a low alpha and high alpha near the ends of the linear region of the CL-alpha curve). You can likely leave Alpha End at 30 degrees, but you could also look at the sensitivity of this parameter; in the end, the accuracy of the rotational augmentation should be assessed (at least by visual inspection).

Best regards,
Jason Jonkman, Ph.D.
Senior Engineer | National Wind Technology Center (NWTC)

National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)
15013 Denver West Parkway | Golden, CO 80401
+1 (303) 384 – 7026 | Fax: +1 (303) 384 – 6901
nwtc.nrel.gov

Ghayoor.Hassan
Posts: 5
Joined: Mon Apr 16, 2018 11:22 am
Organization: National University of Science and Technology
Location: Pakistan

### Re: help needed in airfoil prep

As you mentioned " The rotational augmentation (3DStall) model applies to a specific airfoil and station, so, the local chord and local nondimensional radial position (r/R) should be used" what do you mean that the model applied to specific station ? I am using one airfoil for entire blade and how to find local chord of an airfoil or r/R ? I am dividing blade into 10 segments so which r/R should i use and i don't know how to find local chord

Jason.Jonkman
Posts: 4617
Joined: Thu Nov 03, 2005 4:38 pm
Location: Boulder, CO
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### Re: help needed in airfoil prep

Dear Ghayoor,

The rotational augmentation will depend on the local chord and local radius even if you are using only one airfoil. So, you could use different AirfoilPrep workbooks for each of your 10 stations. It may be a reasonable simplification to use the same airfoil data for every other station, reducing the total number of unique airfoil tables to 5.

Best regards,
Jason Jonkman, Ph.D.
Senior Engineer | National Wind Technology Center (NWTC)

National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)
15013 Denver West Parkway | Golden, CO 80401
+1 (303) 384 – 7026 | Fax: +1 (303) 384 – 6901
nwtc.nrel.gov

Ghayoor.Hassan
Posts: 5
Joined: Mon Apr 16, 2018 11:22 am
Organization: National University of Science and Technology
Location: Pakistan

### Re: help needed in airfoil prep

Thank you for your help. I understand it now but one more thing that is bothering me is that how will we find local chord at each radial position.Is this not my final objective to find local chord and twist at 10 stations through Harp_Opt so how will i know what is the local chord at each station of airfoil. Is there any formula or something to find that ?

Jason.Jonkman
Posts: 4617
Joined: Thu Nov 03, 2005 4:38 pm
Location: Boulder, CO
Contact:

### Re: help needed in airfoil prep

Dear Ghayoor,

I agree that it would not be convenient to use AirfoilPrep within an optimization loop. You may need to simply guess at a reasonable, but fixed, chord if you wish to apply rotational augmentation with AirfoilPrep together with optimization using HARP_Opt.

Otherwise, if you wish to optimize with an automated rotational augmentation, it may be preferred to use the Python-based script AirfoilPrepPy: https://nwtc.nrel.gov/AirfoilPrepPy (although this still won't work with HARP_Opt).

Best regards,
Jason Jonkman, Ph.D.
Senior Engineer | National Wind Technology Center (NWTC)

National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)
15013 Denver West Parkway | Golden, CO 80401
+1 (303) 384 – 7026 | Fax: +1 (303) 384 – 6901
nwtc.nrel.gov

Danny.Sale
Posts: 40
Joined: Tue Jul 13, 2010 4:55 pm

### Re: help needed in airfoil prep

I think an ideal solution would be to modify the NWTC Library (or inside the WT_Perf code) to calculate the 3D correction, and then re-compile WT_Perf so that 3D corrections are calculated completely within the "blade element momentum" part of code. This would eliminate the burden of creating separate airfoil files as a "pre-processing" step.

An alternate solution, you could create a matrix of airfoil files with 3D/stall-delay corrections applied on range of tip-speed-ratio, chord/radius, etc (do this as a pre-processing step to running HARP_Opt). If you use a consistent file-naming convention then HARP_Opt can lookup which airfoil file to read depending on the current rotor iteration (as blade geometry is changing over the HARP_Opt iterations). As Jason suggests, it would be easier to use AirfoilPrepPy to create (maybe tens or hundreds) of airfoil files. HARP_Opt would need some further development to read a matrix of airfoil files (benefit of this solution is that it would only require Matlab coding and not touching any Fortran).

Best Regards,
Danny Sale

Danny.Sale
Posts: 40
Joined: Tue Jul 13, 2010 4:55 pm

### Re: help needed in airfoil prep

To address the question: how to find the local chord? ... it is up to interpretation but when using HARP_Opt the chord is considered an unknown variable; however, you should be able to estimate the approximate chord length based on your upper/lower bounds ... or run HARP_Opt to completion once and use those output chord values -> create a new set of airfoil files for multiple blade radius (say only 5 or 10 radius values and use AirfoilPrep to create airfoil files at each radius) -> run HARP_Opt again and see if the chord changes significantly ... but I would recommend only 1-2 iteration of this method unless you understand the "airfoil correction" sensitivity very well. Preparation of the airfoil polars is a great source of uncertainty in blade-element methods.

KennethPaul.Dsouza
Posts: 3
Joined: Mon Oct 28, 2019 5:30 am
Organization: Indian Institute of Technology, Madras
Location: India

### Re: help needed in airfoil prep

Hello Jason,
I am working on implementing adaptive Trailing edge flaps on the NREL 5MW turbine. For this I need airfoil polars for multiple flap angles. As a verification case I obtained the airfoil polars for NACA 64(3)-618 airfoil for a Reynolds number of 6E6 and Ncrit 9 using XFOIL as specified in the report. although after applying 3d corrections using airfoilprep the data is not matching the one supplied with FAST. I used the rated values as input in the 3D stall sheet. Could you verify that the values I have used are correct in the attachment

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Jason.Jonkman
Posts: 4617
Joined: Thu Nov 03, 2005 4:38 pm
Location: Boulder, CO
Contact:

### Re: help needed in airfoil prep

Dear Kenneth,

Please find attached the AirfoilPrep v2.0 file for the NACA 64 airfoil that was created when the NREL 5-MW baseline turbine model was first made.

AirfoilPrep_v2p0_NACA64_A17.xls.zip
AirfoilPrep v2.0 file for NACA 64 airfoil.

Best regards,
Jason Jonkman, Ph.D.
Senior Engineer | National Wind Technology Center (NWTC)

National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)
15013 Denver West Parkway | Golden, CO 80401
+1 (303) 384 – 7026 | Fax: +1 (303) 384 – 6901
nwtc.nrel.gov