DTU 10MW RWT unexpected tower base side-side moment

Discuss theory and modeling of wind-turbine structures.

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Christophe.delFosse
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Organization: KU Leuven
Location: België

DTU 10MW RWT unexpected tower base side-side moment

Postby Christophe.delFosse » Fri Mar 05, 2021 3:29 am

Dear all,

I am a student doing a master thesis on model predictive control of windfarms. The turbine I am using in my simulations is the DTU 10MW RWT. I want to create a fatigue load look-up table including Damage Equivalent Loads (DELs) for different windspeeds, yaw angles, turbulence intensities, etc. For this purpose, I am using OpenFAST v2.5.0 and TurbSim v2.00.07 to get timeseries of tower base bending moments and blade root bending moments. From these timeseries, I calculate the DEL (skipping the first 600 seconds of the simulations to exclude start-up transients).

In a one dimensional analysis of DEL as function of windspeed with a turbulence intensity of 3%, there is a huge peak at a windspeed of 6 m/s. This peak is a consequence of the extremely large amplitude of the bending moment fluctuations at this windspeed. I was wondering what could be the cause of the abnormal behaviour at this specific windspeed. I have attached the OpenFAST input files, a summary file of the TurbSim simulation and the plots of the DELs and timeseries.

Thank you in advance!

Sincerely,
Christophe
Attachments
TwrBsSS_timeseries.png
TwrBsSS_timeseries.png (37.84 KiB) Viewed 259 times
inputFiles_wsp6.zip
(25.21 KiB) Downloaded 13 times
TwrBsSS_DEL_wsp.png
TwrBsSS_DEL_wsp.png (27.4 KiB) Viewed 259 times

Jason.Jonkman
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Re: DTU 10MW RWT unexpected tower base side-side moment

Postby Jason.Jonkman » Fri Mar 05, 2021 6:44 am

Dear Christophe,

I'm not too familiar with this model or its controller, but are you perhaps operating in a resonance condition, e.g., with the rotor speed or its harmonic (e.g., 1P or 3P) overlapping with natural frequency of the tower (e.g., first fore-ft or side-side bending mode)?

Best regards,
Jason Jonkman, Ph.D.
Senior Engineer | National Wind Technology Center (NWTC)

National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)
15013 Denver West Parkway | Golden, CO 80401
+1 (303) 384 – 7026 | Fax: +1 (303) 384 – 6901
nwtc.nrel.gov

Christophe.delFosse
Posts: 9
Joined: Sun Feb 21, 2021 2:43 pm
Organization: KU Leuven
Location: België

Re: DTU 10MW RWT unexpected tower base side-side moment

Postby Christophe.delFosse » Fri Mar 05, 2021 11:55 am

Dear Dr. Jason Jonkman,

You are right, the first tower bending mode gives a natural frequency of 0.247 Hz. Whenever the rotor speed gets around 4.94 rpm (frequency of 0.0823 Hz) the third harmonic has a frequency of 0.247 Hz, which is equal to the natural frequency.

I am using the ROSCO controller for the DTU 10MW RWT. Shouldn't this controller avoid a rotor speed that has harmonics overlapping with the natural frequency of the tower/blades? Maybe it is because of the turbulent inflow that the rotor speed needs to go through the danger zone multiple times? (I also attached the rotor speed timeseries to this reply)

Sincerely,
Christophe
Attachments
RotSpeed_timeseries.png
RotSpeed_timeseries.png (24.91 KiB) Viewed 245 times

Jason.Jonkman
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Location: Boulder, CO
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Re: DTU 10MW RWT unexpected tower base side-side moment

Postby Jason.Jonkman » Fri Mar 05, 2021 12:17 pm

Dear Christophe,

Typically, a wind turbine system is designed so that the first tower-bending natural frequencies lies between 1P and 3P for the operational speed of rotor, so as to avoid resonant excitation of the tower. If this is not possible, a tower resonance avoidance strategy could be implemented, e.g., a notch filter around the tower natural frequency.

Again, I don't know much about this turbine, but it sounds like the model you are using is not set up to avoid tower resonance, which could be fixed through a tower redesign or a change to the controller.

Best regards,
Jason Jonkman, Ph.D.
Senior Engineer | National Wind Technology Center (NWTC)

National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)
15013 Denver West Parkway | Golden, CO 80401
+1 (303) 384 – 7026 | Fax: +1 (303) 384 – 6901
nwtc.nrel.gov

Christophe.delFosse
Posts: 9
Joined: Sun Feb 21, 2021 2:43 pm
Organization: KU Leuven
Location: België

Re: DTU 10MW RWT unexpected tower base side-side moment

Postby Christophe.delFosse » Mon Mar 08, 2021 12:14 pm

Dear Dr. Jason Jonkman,

Thank you for your valuable help!

Sincerely,
Christophe


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